I’m a researcher at Stockholm University interested in supernovae and cosmic dust
My research is related to cosmic dust and all sorts of supernovae from the Zwicky Transient Facility (ZTF), the Public ESO Spectroscopic Survey for Transient Objects (PESSTO) and the Spitzer Infrared Intensive Transient Survey (SPIRITS).
I am involved in the Zwicky Transient Facility (ZTF), which discover supernovae at optical wavelengths by systematically imaging the sky, several times per night, with the robotic Palomar 48-inch telescope.
I’m also part of the the Spitzer Infrared Intensive Transients Survey (SPIRITS), which was the first survey of its kind, exploring the dynamic infrared sky.
Supernovae are the explosive deaths of stars. Since stars of different mass follow different evolutionary tracks they face different end stages, which gives rise to a large variety of luminosities and spectral features among the supernovae.
One special type of supernovae, Type Ia, appears to always explode with the same brightness, making them useful as distance indicators. The accelerated expansion of the Universe was discovered using SNe Ia, leading to Perlmutter, Schmidt & Riess being awarded the Nobel Prize in 2011. While the use of SNe Ia remains essential for the studying the properties of the “dark energy” driving this accelerated expansion, the lack of understanding of the SN progenitor systems and the empirically derived standardization corrections represent severe limitations for SNe Ia as cosmological probes.
One astrophysical source of uncertainty in supernova observations comes from cosmic dust particles. Dust in the circumstellar (CS) environment of SNe, in the insterstellar medium of SN host galaxies and possibly even in the intergalactic medium have important implications for the observed colors and luminosities of SNe Ia; typically making them redder and fainter.
By measuring the wavelength dependence of the dust extinction from UV-to-IR observations and using other proxies for dust (such as Sodium absorption lines in high-resolution spectra) there is increasing evidence that some SNe show evidence for unusual dust. This, together with time-varying blue-shifted Sodium absorption, could indicate the presence of dust in the CS environment. Detecting or constraining the amounts of CS dust also has implications on the progenitor systems.
Stockholm, 12 June 2023 – A team of physicists and astronomers led by researchers from the Oskar Klein Centre at Stockholm University has made an intriguing breakthrough… Read more “Rare gravitational lens splits light of distant supernova into four images”
In the latest issue of the journal Nature, astronomers from Stockholm University reveal the origin of a thermonuclear supernova explosion. Strong emission lines of helium and the… Read more “Radio signal reveals supernova origin“
Together with a team led by Ariel Goobar at Stockholm University, we have detected for the first time multiple images from a gravitationally lensed Type Ia supernova.… Read more “Light rays from a supernova bent by the curvature of space-time around a galaxy”
Recent selected papers:
- Uncovering a population of gravitational lens galaxies with magnified standard candle SN Zwicky
Goobar, A.; Johansson, J.; Schulze, S. and 34 coauthors
Nature Astronomy, 7, 1098 (2023)
- A radio-detected type Ia supernova with helium-rich circumstellar material
Kool, E.; Johansson, J.; Sollerman, J. and 34 coauthors
Nature, Vol. 617, 7961, 477 (2023)
- JWST Observations of Dust Reservoirs in Type IIP Supernovae 2004et and 2017eaw
Shahbandeh, M.; Sarangi, A.; Temim, T. and 36 coauthors
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 523, 6048 (2023)
- A JWST Near- and Mid-Infrared Nebular Spectrum of the Type Ia Supernova 2021aefx
Kwok, L. A.; Jha, S. W.; Temim, T. and 55 coauthors
The Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 944, L3 (2023)
- A Uniform Type Ia Supernova Distance Ladder with the Zwicky Transient Facility: Absolute Calibration Based on the Tip of the Red Giant Branch (TRGB) Method
Dhawan, S.; Goobar, A.; Johansson, J. and 21 coauthors
The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 934, 185 (2022)
- Sensitivity of the Hubble Constant Determination to Cepheid Calibration
Mörtsell, E.; Goobar, A.; Johansson, J.; and Dhawan, S.
The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 933, 212 (2022)
- The Zwicky Transient Facility Type Ia supernova survey: first data release and results
Dhawan, S.; Goobar, A.; Smith, M.; Johansson, J. and 16 coauthors
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 510, 2228 (2022)
- Near-IR Type Ia SN distances: host galaxy extinction and mass-step corrections revisited
Johansson, J.; Cenko, S. B.; Fox, O. D; and 17 coauthors
The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 923, 237 (2021)
- Spectroscopy of the first resolved strongly lensed Type Ia supernova iPTF16geu
Johansson, J.; Goobar, A.; Price, S. H.; and 14 coauthors
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 502, 510 (2021)